What is referencing?
Referencing is a standardised method used particularly in academic writing to acknowledge the sources used in an essay or paper. "It serves as evidence from secondary sources to your research" (Badenhorst 2007, p. 21).
Where do you reference in your paper?
What must be referenced?
Direct quotation - this is when you use the direct words of the author as they exactly appear in the text. This must be cited and enclosed in the quotation marks.
Paraphrase - This is when you take a passage from a source and re-write it in your own words but the ideas or facts you are expressing are based on what you read. This must be cited as well but is not enclosed in quotation marks.
Summary - A summary is similar to a paraphrase since you also re-write this piece of information in your own words. However with summary you select only the main ideas and and supporting details. This also needs to be referenced but is also not enclosed in quotation marks.
Why do you need to give references to your work?
What is plagiarism?
Plagiarism is the act of using somebody else's ideas or words without giving credits to the originator. It is treated as an academic crime and can result in failing the whole course or being expelled from the institution. There are two kinds of plagiarism (i) Accidental plagiarism = this type of plagiarism happens when you did not intend to plagiarise but you still failed to acknowledge the sources. (ii) Blatant plagiarism = this is when you commit plagiarism deliberately - e.g. you copy and paste a passage from somebody else's assignment without acknowledging the source.
Harvard Referencing Style
Harvard is also known as the Author-Date system. The author's surname and year of publication are cited in the text of your work. The full details of the book are included in a reference list at the end of the assignment.
Quick links for citing in Harvard
EndNote is reference management software with features to keep all your references and reference-related materials in a searchable personal library.
EndNote enables researcher to:
Endnote Installation Guide:
More information and tips on using EndNote and links to resources can be found here:
Mendeley is a free reference manager and academic social network that serves as an information system to support research.
It can help researchers to:
Mendeley Installation Guide:
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