Skip to Main Content
+27 21 959

ukwazi 2   

Law: Transnational Criminal Justice

Discover the intricate world of transnational criminal justice with our specialised guide tailored for law students and researchers seeking in-depth knowledge and resources to navigate the challenges presented by crimes that transcend national borders.

Welcome to the Transnational Criminal Justice Research Guide, designed to assist law students and researchers in navigating the intricate landscape of transnational crime and justice. This guide serves as a gateway to a wealth of resources tailored to deepen your understanding of legal issues spanning international borders.

Fundamental principles and definitions related to transnational crime

Understanding the fundamental principles and definitions related to transnational crime is crucial for anyone studying or working in the field of transnational criminal justice. Transnational crimes are criminal activities that occur across national borders and often involve multiple jurisdictions. Here are some key principles and definitions to provide a foundational understanding:

  1. Jurisdictional Challenges: Transnational crimes pose challenges because they involve activities that cross the borders of multiple countries. Traditional legal frameworks and jurisdictional boundaries may not be well-equipped to address these complex cases.

  2. Extraterritoriality: Extraterritorial jurisdiction refers to a state's ability to assert legal authority beyond its national borders. This is often necessary in transnational crime cases where the crime affects the interests of the asserting state.

  3. International Cooperation: Transnational criminal activities require international cooperation among countries. This collaboration can take the form of extradition treaties, mutual legal assistance agreements, and joint law enforcement operations.

  4. Globalisation and Technology: Globalisation and technological advancements have facilitated the rise of transnational crime. Criminals can exploit the interconnectedness of the global economy and use technology to carry out illicit activities.

  5. Types of Transnational Crimes: Transnational crimes encompass a wide range of illegal activities, including but not limited to:

    • Drug Trafficking: Illicit production, transportation, and distribution of narcotics.
    • Human Trafficking: Exploitative movement of people across borders for forced labour or commercial sexual exploitation.
    • Cybercrime: Criminal activities conducted over the internet, such as hacking, identity theft, and online fraud.
    • Terrorism: Acts of violence intended to create fear and often with political or ideological motives.
    • Money Laundering: Concealing the origins of illegally obtained money, typically using transfers involving foreign banks or legitimate businesses.
  6. International Legal Instruments: Various international legal instruments and conventions have been established to address transnational crime. Examples include the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) and its protocols, as well as regional agreements.

  7. Complexity of Investigations and Prosecutions: Transnational crimes often involve intricate networks, making investigations and prosecutions challenging. Cooperation among law enforcement agencies and the sharing of intelligence become essential components of addressing these crimes effectively.

Other Library Information


Interlibrary Loan Request Form

Inter-library Loan is a service available to UWC staff and students to request material that is not available at our holdings.

A series of training sessions is scheduled to run during the 1st and 2nd semesters.

Invitations to these sessions are sent to the UWC community through the Campus Communications. The sessions are also advertised on the library website via the training calendar:

In the case where dates are not suitable, presentations can be done by invitation. Send an email request to

Access past exam papers here:

Exam past papers (primarily exam papers from before the year 2022)

Please note that as of 2022, past exam papers should be available on your iKamva course modules. Kindly contact your department administrator for any exam papers that are not available via the link above.

NB: Multiple choice question papers and Post Graduate exam papers are not available.

Please use your network login details to access the Exam Papers.

The credentials that you will use for login to your UWC library account or to sign into EZproxy when accessing online journals from off campus, will be the same login details that you use for the iKamva Learning Management System, the Wireless Network (Wi-Fi) or the Virtual Private Network (VPN).

If you experience any problems with your login details, please contact the ICS Helpdesk on 021 959 2000 or the

Students who registered in 2021 and later:

  • Username: student number e.g. 4112117
  • Password: Should contain the prefix !St followed by your ID, or passport number if you’re an international student e.g  !St0201010062087

Students who registered before 2021: 

  • Username: student number e.g. 4112117
  • Password: ID number OR date of birth OR passport number for international students

Access Problems?

NB: Changing your password will change your password for all of the following accounts that you may use; iKamva, uKwazi library account, EZproxy, VPN, Intranet.


University of the Western Cape,

Robert Sobukwe Road,



Tel: 021 959 2946