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School of Public Health: Distance Students Library Research Support Guide

Manage your References

Research builds on research that has been done before and although it is essential that you show that you are aware of the current thinking in an area by referencing key works, you should also but also that you credit sources that have influenced your own work. This allows readers of your work to trace original sources that you have used as a basis for your arguments.. By providing an accurate list of references and properly citing your sources you demonstrate the range and depth of the research that you have done, as well as acknowledging the work of others. Failure to adhere to the basic principles of referencing amounts to plagiarism which is a major disciplinary offence.

In order to create an accurate bibliography, it is essential to keep accurate records of the books, journal articles and other sources that you have used. Trying to recall a reference for something you read several months ago (or even years in the case of a Masters or PhD) is a time-consuming nuisance all researchers have experienced at one time or another. The key to avoiding this is to manage your references as you proceed through your reading and research.

Reference Management Software

One of the key challenges of managing your references is keeping track of them all in an orderly way. Reference management software can be used for recording and utilising bibliographic citations or references.

Referencing software will help you manage your references, but many products also offer the facility to format citations in your document as you are writing. On this page are two reference management tools such as Mendeley and EndNote which will automatically help researchers at all levels easily gather, organize, store and share all types of information and to instantly generate citations and bibliographies


Manual Referencing Guides


Why and How we Cite Tutorial

This Self-paced Tutorial combines guidance, illustrations and videos to explain why, what and how should one cite.

Navigate to specific topics directly.  Also, try the interactive quizzes for Unit 1 and Unit 2.

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APA Reference Style Guide

Havard Quick Reference Style Guide



Vancouver Reference Style Guide


Mendeley is a free reference manager and academic social network that can help you organize your research, collaborate with others online, and discover the latest research.

  • Automatically generate bibliographies
  • Collaborate easily with other researchers online
  • Easily import papers from other research software
  • Find relevant papers based on what you’re reading
  • Access your papers from anywhere online
  • Read papers on the go, with our new iPhone app
  • Learn how to master Mendeley through a series of videos

EndNote is reference management software with features to:

Keep all your references and reference-related materials in a searchable personal library.

  • Synchronize your references between up to three of your personal computers, an online library, and your iOS device, through EndNote Sync. (You must be the owner and user of all three computers.)

  • Share your references with collaborators through EndNote Sync.

  • Use your references in word-processing documents to create formatted citations and bibliographies or independent reference lists.

        Explore EndNote Libguide: Information on using EndNote X20, with links to resources.

        How to download & install EndNote X20


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