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Referencing Styles Guide @ UWC: Books

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Quick links for citing in Harvard

Citing books

Reference list:  In-Text: 
No Author

In your reference list, all books that have no author must be entered by the title of the book in the reference list as the rule instructs.

Title of the book (italicized). Publication year. Place of Publication (preferably use the city not the country): Publisher.

Reader's Digest: Extraordinary Uses for Ordinary Things. 2005. South Africa: Reader's Digest.

Enter the title of the book (italicized), Publication Year. page number (page is abbreviated by "p." space then the number. You give the page number when you are quoting the author directly).

Always enclose your in-text citation in brackets.

(Reader's Digest: Extraordinary Uses for Ordinary Things, 2005 p. 25).

One author

Author's surname, Initial/s. Book title (italicized and capitalize only the first letter. Where there are names of people or places, capitalize them as well as shown in the example below). Place of Publication (preferably the city): Publisher.

Chikane, F. 2012. Eight days in September:
 the Removal of Thabo Mbeki.  Johannesburg: Picador.

In brackets, give only the surname of the author without initials, followed by the year. If you quoting directly, state the page number/s.

(Chikane, 2012, p. 15).

Two to three authors

If the book is written by two up to three authors, list them all in your reference list, following the sequence that they appear in the book. Separate them by commas.

Changuion, L. & Steenkamp, B. 2012. Disputed Land: the Historical Development of the South African Land Issue, 1652-2011. Pretoria: Protea Boekhuis.

In brackets, list only the surnames of the two or three authors. Use commas to separate them. Give the year of publication and the page number/s if quoting diectly.

(Changuion & Steenkamp, 2012, p. 22).

More than three authors 

For a book written by more than three authors, give only the name of the first author as listed in the book. After the name of the first author, use the abbreviation "et al" - which means and others. See example below:

Van der Merwe, S. et al. 2003. Contract: General Principles. Cape Town: Juta.

Again in your in-text give only the surname of the first author, followed by et al., then the page number/s if quoting direct. Enclose your citation in round brackets.

(Van der Merwe, et al. , 2003, p. 22).

More about citing books

Reference list: 


Electronic book

Author's surname, Initials. Publication year. Book title. [medium] Place of Publication: Publisher. Give detailes of where it is available and the web address [Date accessed].

Boulle, L. (Ed.) 2011. Globalisation and Governance. [ebook] Claremont: Siber Ink. Available at:  [Accessed 24 October 2012].

Cite in-text as for a print book. E-books normally have page numbers.

(Patel, 1993, p. 103).

Edited book Patel, E. (Ed.) 1993. Engine of Development: South Africa`s National Economic Forum. Cape Town: Juta. (Oppong, 1987, p. 33).
Chapter in an edited book Bundy, C. 2007. ‘New nation, new history? Constructing the past in post-apartheid South Africa’. In: Stolten, H. E. (Ed.), History Making and Present Day Politics: the Meaning of Collective Memory in South Africa. Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, pp 73-97. (Bundy, 2007, p.72).

Book in second or later edition

Cloete, J.N.N. 1994. Public Administration and mMnagement, 8th rev. ed. Hatfield: J.L. van Schaik. (Cloete, 1994, p. 119).
Book by a corporate author

A corporate author could be a company, an organization or an association, etc...

Treatment Action Campaign. 2007. TB in Our Lives: a Book of Information Sheets for People Living with TB, Support Groups and Clinics. South Africa: Treament Action Campaign.

(Treatment Action Campaign, 2007, p. 11).


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