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Information Literacy Tutorial: C. Style Manuals

A module-based information literacy tutorial that addresses each stage of the research process, including selecting a topic, identifying information needs, selecting sources, locating information, evaluating information, and citing sources.


APA Referencing Style

1. Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. This book presents APA style requirements and provides examples for all types of information sources.
 APA Style (example and guides)

This manual is available on the Reserve Section Level 5 in the Main Library:
808.06615 PUB

Referencing Styles

What is a Referencing Style?

  • APA (American Psychological Association) Style
  • HARVARD Method

There are several student writing handbooks (Level 8 in the Main Library) to assist you with referencing. Examples are:

  • The Little, Brown Handbook - 808.042 FOW
  • The Longman Handbook for writers and readers - 808.042 ANS                      

Your lecturer will let you know which referencing style manual to use.

Referencing style is a standardized method of acknowledging the sources of information you have consulted.  Anything - words, figures, theories, ideas, facts - originated from another source and used in your assignment must be referenced (i.e. acknowledged)."When you write an essay and include someone else's ideas you need to immediately acknowledge this original source.  This is called referencing or citing and the detailed description you need to provide is called a reference or citation" Every discipline and profession has a preferred referencing style.

Harvard Referencing Style

2. Publication Manual of the HARVARD StyleHarvard is a generic term for any style which contains author-date references in the text of the document, such as (Smith 1999). There will also be a list of references at the end of the document, arranged by authors' names and year of publication.

Harvard Style (Examples) 




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